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After the successful American War of Independence, the 1783 Treaty of Paris recognized the independence of the newly formed United States and set the terms of peace, ceding British North American territories south of the Great Lakes to the new country.
The American war of independence also caused a large out-migration of Loyalists the settlers who had fought against American independence.
) is a country located in the northern part of North America.
Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), making it the world's second-largest country by total area.
The transition away from the use of Dominion was formally reflected in 1982 with the passage of the Canada Act, which refers only to Canada.
Later that year, the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
Among the colonists of New France, Canadiens extensively settled the Saint Lawrence River valley and Acadians settled the present-day Maritimes, while fur traders and Catholic missionaries explored the Great Lakes, Hudson Bay, and the Mississippi watershed to Louisiana.Canada achieved independence gradually beginning with responsible government in the 1830s and culminating with the patriation of the Constitution in 1982.In 1931, Canada achieved near-total independence from the United Kingdom with the Statute of Westminster, except for the power to amend its constitution.On July 1, 1867, the colonies of Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia were federated to form the semi-autonomous federal Dominion named Canada.
This began an accretion of provinces and territories to the Dominion to the present ten provinces and three territories forming contemporary Canada.Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with 82 percent of the 35.15 million people concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border.Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver.Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture.